Install FreeBSD on GPT Partition

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Install FreeBSD on GPT Partition

December 3, 2015 | Article | No Comments

At previous article, we have discussed about how to install Slackware on GPT. In this article we will attempt on installing FreeBSD to GPT disk with or without EFI support.

Unlike previous article, for this article I use generic desktop PC. Thus, you can do it either on notebook or desktop PC. Obviously we constraint ourself to use GPT-based disk :). This article aim to guide you to Fresh Installing FreeBSD.

Step 1: Partitioning

Boot your FreeBSD (I use 8.3). Once you are at sysinstall menu, choose Fixit option. Later you will be brought to a terminal.

Now we will initialize the drive to support GPT partitions.

gpart create -s GPT ad0

Where ad0 is our disk. If you have more than one disk and want to also initialize them, do the similar command and replace ad0 with your device.

Then we will proceed for creating partitions. Our partition have specific purpose but all partition we want to create are a standard one. Do the followings:

gpart add -s 128 -t freebsd-boot -l boot ad0
gpart add -s 5G -t freebsd-ufs -l root ad0
gpart add -s 4G -t freebsd-ufs -l tmp ad0
gpart add -s 4G -t freebsd-swap -l swap ad0
gpart add -s 10G -t freebsd-ufs -l var ad0
gpart add -s 200G -t freebsd-ufs -l usr ad0

On above commands, we have create 6 partitions. The general syntax we use has following pattern:

gpart add -s size -t partition_type -l label disk

Where size is numeric value for size of partition. It also accept suffix K,M,G for Kilo, Mega, and Gigabyte. If no suffix is specified, the default value will be on Kilobytes.

For this article, the partition type can be freebsd-boot, freebsd-ufs, freebsd-swap.

The first partition are partitioned with freebsd-boot for type. It is equivalent to MBR of older disk type. Others are partition with freebsd-ufs (except 4th partition) for regular file system. The label is used for differentiate one partition with other partition.

To see partitions we have create we can invoke this command:

gpart show ad0

Unlike using gdisk, the change using gpart is automatically written on disk.

note: To see partition by label use this command

gpart show -l ad0

If you want to delete a partition, use following command:

gpart delete -i3 ad0

The i3 (generally -in where n is a number) is for pointing out what partition we want to delete. In this case we want to delete 3rd partition from disk ad0. So if your want to delete 5th partition, use gpart delete -i5 ad0.

In extreme condition, if you want to destroy GPT table from ad0 you can use following command:

gpart destroy ad0

The main reason might be you want to erase old disk scheme and create a new one later.

Now format the partition:

newfs -U /dev/ad0p2
newfs -U /dev/ad0p3
newfs -U /dev/ad0p5
newfs -U /dev/ad0p6

Hey, why we skip /dev/ad0p1 and /dev/ad0p4? Take look at their type 😀

Now put MBR (Master Boot Record) code in our first partition (boot partition):

gpart bootcode -b /mnt2/boot/pmbr -p /mnt2/boot/gptboot -i1 ad0

Then we mount all the partitions to install FreeBSD:

mkdir boot var usr
mount /dev/ad0p2 /mnt
mount /dev/ad0p3 /mnt/tmp
mount /dev/ad0p5 /mnt/var
mount /dev/ad0p6 /mnt/usr

Step 2: Installing FreeBSD

Now we reach the stage for FreeBSD installation itself. Do following:

export DESTDIR=/mnt
cd /dist/8.3-RELEASE
for dir in base catpages dict doc info lib32 manpages; do 
   (cd $dir; ./install.sh); 
done

If you attempt to install x86 (or i386) version of FreeBSD then exclude lib32 in the for loop (you won’t need it.

Next we install the kernel. The kernel we want to install are GENERIC version so do following:

cd kernels
./install.sh GENERIC

And then the sources:

cd ../src
./install.sh

And copy the kernel in /mnt/boot/kernel directory:

cd /mnt/boot
rmdir kernel
cp -Rp GENERIC kernel

Step 3: Configuring
Last step! Configure the FreeBSD. Create /etc/fstab, /etc/resolv.conf and /etc/rc.conf files.

/etc/fstab :

# Device Mountpoint FStype Options Dump Pass#
/dev/ad0p4 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/ad0p2 / ufs rw 1 1
/dev/ad0p3 /tmp ufs rw 1 1
/dev/ad0p5 /var ufs rw 1 1
/dev/ad0p6 /usr ufs rw 1 1

/etc/resolv.conf :

nameserver 8.8.8.8 # or your ISP's DNS

/etc/rc.conf :

defaultrouter="<your router IP>"
hostname="VedaCore"
ifconfig_em0="inet <your IP> netmask <your netmask>"
sshd_enable="YES"

Reboot and enjoy the FreeBSD >:)

NOTE:

  1. If you get error “Device Busy” when you try to delete GPT from drive with gpart delete ad0, then turn off the safety with sysctl variable: sysctl kern.geom.debugflags=16
  2. If you want to destroy GPT table from drive, make sure all partitions have been deleted.

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xathrya

A man who is obsessed to low level technology.

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