Introduction to JavaScript

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Introduction to JavaScript

December 9, 2015 | Article | No Comments

JavaScript, standardized as ECMAScript, is a popular language especially when you want to build a web-based application. JavaScript is (not only) the programming language of the web, though we will discuss it why we say not only. In modern day, all modern web browsers – on desktop, game consoles, tablets, and smart phones – ship JavaScript interpreters. This makes JavaScript the most ubiquitos programming language in history.

While HTML (and HTML5) acts just as a skeleton and CSS3 act as decorator, JavaScript do the logic in client side. It is used to specify the behavior of a web page.

If you are already familiar with other programming language, you should be able to learn JavaScript quickly. However, we should note something about JavaScript: JavaScript use unique programming model. JavaScript also has nothing to do with Java programming language. They are different in concept and design.

JavaScript is a Script

JavaScript is a scripting language. That means, JavaScript cannot run without an interpreter. Here we know what the interpreters are: browsers.

A scripting language is a lightweight programming language. In client-side scripting, JavaScript is code inserted into HTML pages or load by page.

What Can JavaScript Do?

In a browser, JavaScript can construct a behavior for a web page. It can manipulate a web page in some manners defined by a programmer. It can add, delete, and change a HTML object (also known as DOM or Document Object Model). It can also change the style of element (button, etc).

JavaScript can also used as a callback. This way, when a specific event occurred, such as a button clicked, a JavaScript code can be executed. For example: when user filling a form and then click a ‘Register’ button, javascript then check the validity all the data.

In some page, a page can communicate asynchronously to server to update specific content without refreshing the page. This is called AJAX, a more advance use of JavaScript. Using this, we can create an interactive web-app.

JavaScript on Other Platform

JavaScript still a script and need an interpreter. However, this day we can see more interpreter aside of browsers. On a desktop, we have NodeJS which is another implementation of JavaScript. NodeJS allows us to write and execute JavaScript like other scripting language (i.e. Python, Ruby, Perl). On some level, JavaScript (subset) is also used to create a interactive application.

All possibility open for JavaScript.

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xathrya

A man who is obsessed to low level technology.

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